Advice on dandruff and dry scalp
Dandruff is skin flakes that detach from the scalp and become visible. Every day, the skin is renewed, even on the scalp. Often we do not notice that the skin is replaced, but sometimes the skin flakes become so large in the scalp that we see them and that is what we call dandruff. Dandruff can hit anyone and can occur both as dry scalp, with dry flakes falling down, or oily scalp where the skin flakes are fatter and “stick”.
Cause of dandruff in the hair
It is not entirely certain why you get dandruff. It may be a reaction to a particular yeast fungus we have on the scalp. Sometimes it can be that the scalp is dehydrated and therefore flakes extra much.
Mild or dry scalp
If you get barely visible skin flakes like snow on your shoulders, it is probably due to dry scalp. Avoid drying the skin on the scalp by switching to a mild shampoo that is suitable for dry or sensitive skin. Do not wash your hair too often and avoid strong styling products as it can also be dehydrating. There are products that help you moisturize your scalp.
Dry skin on the scalp can itch. If it does not help with milder cleaning and moisturizing, you may need to check with a doctor if the itching is due to other causes, such as eczema.
Treatment that helps with dandruff
Mild dandruff shampoos that you can use regularly can help relieve mild dandruff. If you have moderate to severe dandruff, you may need stronger agents with selenium.
Every scalp reacts differently, so test yourself for what will help you. There is also non-prescription treatment with ketoconazole which treats the yeast fungus that is behind dandruff. Also, remember to let the scalp “breathe”. Avoid strong hair products that can upset the balance. Some believe that, for example, dense caps can change the environment of the scalp and make it easier for the fungus that causes dandruff to grow into.